Revised Guidelines for Executive Order 11988 Floodplain Management and the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard
Between 1980 and 2013, the United States suffered more than $260 billion in flood-related damages. On average, more people die annually from flooding than any other natural hazard. Further, the costs borne by the federal government are more than any other hazard. Flooding accounts for approximately 85 percent of all disaster declarations. With climate change, we anticipate that flooding risks will increase over time. In fact, the National Climate Assessment (May 2014) projects that extreme weather events, such as severe flooding, will persist throughout the 21st century. That damage can be particularly severe to our infrastructure, including our buildings, roads, ports, industrial facilities and even our coastal military installations.
To improve the nations resilience to flooding and better prepare the nation for the impacts of climate change, the Presidents Climate Action Plan directs federal agencies to take the appropriate actions to reduce flood risk to federal investments. To further the Climate Action Plan, the President released Executive Order 13690, Establishing a Federal Flood Risk Management Standard and a Process for Further Soliciting and Considering Stakeholder Input, which amended EO 11988, Floodplain Management, issued in 1977. The new federal flood risk standard requires all future federal investments in and affecting floodplains to meet the level of resilience as established by the standard. For example, this includes where federal funds are used to build new structures and facilities or to rebuild those that have been damaged.
Consistent with the Presidents direction, FEMA, as Chair of the Mitigation Framework Leadership Group, published for public comment in the Federal Register draft guidelines to provide guidance to agencies on the implementation of EOs 13690 and 11988 (80 FR 6530, Feb. 5, 2015). After an extension, the public comment period lasted 90 days, during which FEMA and other members of the Mitigation Framework Leadership Group held eight in-person public listening sessions across the country and one public webinar, to ensure input from stakeholders and the public.
On Oct. 8, 2015, the Water Resources Council approved revised Guidelines for Implementing Executive Order 11988, Floodplain Management, and Executive Order 13690, Establishing a Federal Flood Risk Management Standard and a Process for Further Soliciting and Considering Stakeholder Input.
FEMA, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Housing and Urban Development have produced fact sheets in response to several frequently asked questions regarding the intended scope of the Presidents FFRMS and the anticipated impacts to many of the programs of these agencies.
The Applicability of Executive Order 136090Fact Sheet responds to several frequently asked questions regarding the intended scope of the Presidents FFRMS and the potential impacts to the National Flood Insurance Program.
The Corps produced talking points and a fact sheet, Applicability of Floodplain Management and FFRMS Executive Orders to USACE Permitting Authorities, in response to questions about Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act.
HUDs Implementation of E.O. 13690 and the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard addresses the application of the FFRMS to single-family home mortgages for acquisition or refinancing of existing homes under the Federal Housing Administration.
Please visit the Federal Flood Risk Management page for more information.