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Coastal No Adverse Impact Handbook

Each link on this page will launch a file in Adobe Portable Document Format (.pdf). If you do not have the Adobe Reader installed on your computer, please visit the Adobe website.

To open and review the Coastal NAI Handbook chapter by chapter, please visit the Table of Contents below.

To download a contiguous document containing all sections, please click here (3 MB).


COVER

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS / DISCLAIMER

INTRODUCTION

  • WHAT IS NO ADVERSE IMPACT?
  • THE BENEFITS OF NO ADVERSE IMPACT
  • HOW TO USE THIS HANDBOOK

CHAPTER 1. BASIS FOR NO ADVERSE IMPACT

  • FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL ROLES
    • Public Trust Doctrine, water rights, and the federal government
    • Interstate Commerce and Federal Public Trust Responsibilities
    • Upland land use management, rights reserved, and State governments
  • THE NO ADVERSE IMPACT PRINCIPLE IN THE COASTAL ZONE
    • Adverse Impacts of Coastal Development
  • THE LEGAL BASIS FOR AND BENEFITS OF NO ADVERSE IMPACT
    • Liability, Takings, and NAI
    • Conclusion

CHAPTER 2. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND MAPPING

  • BASIC: USING THE FIRM TO MANAGE LAND USE
  • BETTER: USING ADDITIONAL COASTAL HAZARD INFORMATION
  • NAI LEVEL: HIGHER MAPPING STANDARDS & NATURAL AND BENEFICIAL FUNCTIONS
    • Higher Mapping Standards
    • Information Sharing

CHAPTER 3. PLANNING

  • BASIC: LAND USE PLANNING AND ZONING
    • Zoning
    • Comprehensive Land Use Plans
  • BETTER: HAZARD MITIGATION PLANS
    • Risk Analysis and Management
  • NAI LEVEL: CZM SPECIAL AREA MANAGEMENT PLANS - MULTI-OBJECTIVE MANAGEMENT
    • Coastal Special Area Management Plans (SAMPs) - Multi-Objective Management
    • Sustainability

CHAPTER 4. REGULATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS

  • BASIC: NFIP REGULATIONS
  • BETTER: HIGHER REGULATORY STANDARDS
    • Coastal A Zones
    • Adopting and Enforcing a Disaster Resistant Building Code
    • Use Future Conditions for Siting New Development
    • Coastal Erosion
    • Freeboard
    • Foundation Certification
    • Inspection of Lower-area Enclosures
    • Cumulative Substantial Improvement Definition
    • Barrier Island Protection
  • NAI LEVEL: RESOURCE PROTECTION & PUBLIC SAFETY
    • Linear Parks and Greenways
    • Land Use Management
    • Planned Development
    • Protecting Natural Resources in Coastal Landscapes
    • Regulating Fill in the Coastal Zone

CHAPTER 5. MITIGATION

  • BASIC: COMMON PRACTICES
  • BETTER: HUMAN ADJUSTMENT TO FLOODING
    • Relocation
    • Acquisition
    • Elevation
    • Navigation Channels, Waterways, and Harbors
    • Non-structural Shore Protection
    • Other Mitigation Measures
  • NAI LEVEL: MITIGATING ADVERSE IMPACTS
    • Natural Shorelines
    • Climate Change
    • Water Quality
    • Monitoring
    • Shore Protection Structures

CHAPTER 6. INFRASTRUCTURE

  • BASIC: RESPONSE AND REPLACEMENT
    • Roads, Bridges, Culverts, and Public Utilities
    • Private Utilities
    • Public Property
  • BETTER: PROTECTION MEASURES AND PROCEDURES
    • Roads, Bridges, Culverts, and Public Utilities
    • Public Property
    • Critical Facilities
  • NAI LEVEL: PLANS AND ALTERNATIVES
    • Roads, Bridges, Public Utilities, Public Buildings
    • Parks
    • Critical Facilities
    • Risk Management of Infrastructure

CHAPTER 7. EMERGENCY SERVICES

  • BASIC: GENERIC RESPONSE PLAN
  • BETTER: MULTI-HAZARD RESPONSE PLAN
  • NAI LEVEL: PRE- AND POST-DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
    • Pre-Disaster
    • Post-Disaster

CHAPTER 8. PUBLIC OUTREACH AND EDUCATION

  • BASIC: ANSWER QUESTIONS AND PROVIDE INFORMATION
  • BETTER: COMMUNITY OUTREACH
  • NAI LEVEL: EDUCATION

CHAPTER 9. USING THE NAI PRINCIPLE FOR COASTAL HAZARD MANAGEMENT

  • EXAMPLE A: A MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
    • NAI Vision Statement for Expansion of Wastewater Treatment Plant
    • Hazard Identification and Mapping
    • Planning
    • Regulations and Development Standards
    • Mitigation
    • Education and Outreach
    • Infrastructure
    • Emergency Services
  • EXAMPLE B: A COASTAL COMMUNITY ON THE GULF OF MEXICO
    • A Community Vision Statement
    • Hazard Identification and Mapping
    • Planning
    • Regulations and Development Standards
    • Mitigation
    • Infrastructure
    • Emergency Services
    • Education and Outreach
  • CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX A. GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS

APPENDIX B.

COASTAL LANDSCAPES OF THE UNITED STATES

APPENDIX C. COASTAL PROCESSES, FEATURES, RESOURCES, AND HAZARDS

APPENDIX D. STATE COASTAL ZONE BOUNDARIES

APPENDIX E. LEGAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

APPENDIX F. RECOMMENDED READING

APPENDIX G. WEBSITES

APPENDIX H. RELATED PROGRAMS




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